I have been reading and writing for some time and I have come to a thesis that explains a great deal for me and I hope for others. I will continue to develop this thesis. This is my purpose here, and will continue to be in the future.
For me, this begins and ends with Carl Jung, although nothing ever ends. His genius led me to the ideas that I outline here, and then I circle back to Jung, always back to Jung. As I have said before, I consider Jung to be the most important thinker of the last five hundred years. He brought together wisdom from the past and made much greater sense of it, as he integrated it, as well as making countless unique contributions that are breath-taking in scope.
I am addressing five broad subjects here that form the basis of my thesis, but they all boil down to a central idea that can be expressed by two words. But those two words require explanation before their meaning and significance begin to become clear.
- Consciousness First – I have written about this before, but it is fundamental and not given the serious consideration it deserves, because modern materialist science, based upon the opposite axiom, dismisses it to the point of ridicule. Existence either begins with matter that leads to life and consciousness, or existence begins with consciousness that leads to matter. Materialist science presupposes that existence begins with matter because this metaphysical starting point cannot be avoided. Matter obviously seems to exist and so does consciousness, although there are some who deny that consciousness is anything more than an illusion – an invention of our mental processes. Materialist science would like to pretend that the issue is not a serious one. It is a serious question that I have discussed and will further. In any case, I start with consciousness.
- Deep Evolution – Evolution, as a process, is apparently operative throughout life. Evolution, as a concept, really got started with Darwin, and now an accepted part of the field of biology. Very broadly, evolution sees entities changing over time in order to increase the chances of surviving. Changes that enhance survival and reproduction tend to remain and prosper, while those changes that cause problems for survival and reproduction tend to die out. This idea of successful changes lasting and unsuccessful changes not, is a very simplistic sketch of natural selection. Evolution does not answer how these changes come about and evolution, as a theory to explain the development of life, is much more controversial than one would think by reading the status quo materialist science position. I am embracing a very broad notion of evolution that I call deep evolution. I use this to encompass evolution from the cellular, biochemical, gene level, through the level of the individual human level, up to the social, cultural and species level. This means that my notion of the causes of this deep evolution includes everything from random mutations of genes up to the conscious and unconscious intent of conscious agents. And simple survival and reproduction may not be the only drivers or measure of success.
- Carl Jung – Jung allows us to understand and give meaning to our psychological challenges and neuroses. He opened up the avenues to the great storehouses of knowledge that are to be found in the collective unconscious, the archetypes, dreams, mythology, symbols and art. Scientific materialism minimizes the importance of these – or simply dismisses them completely as irrelevant to human knowledge and experience. Yet both humanity and most individuals face greater challenges than ever before, while living in a world of untold abundance and greater knowledge than ever before. But this knowledge is anchored in Logos. Logos has come to dominate. Obviously there is something wrong and Jung directed our attention to the problem, and more importantly to the solutions and challenges in meeting our destiny and purpose. Jung saw that we were, and are, ignoring enormous sources of wisdom and knowledge that we must make conscious.
- The Divided Brain – A wonderful book and idea that dovetails beautifully with Jung and his ideas is The Master And His Emmisary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World by Iain McGilchrist who looks at the science and poetry behind the differences between the two hemispheres of the brain. He goes beyond the earlier simplistic analysis of the divided brain where the left side is logical and scientific and the right side is emotional and artistic. He makes a good argument, based on numerous findings, for the two very different approaches toward our world, used by the left and right brain hemispheres. The left side is biased toward manipulating the world, seeing the world in parts and toward non-living entities. The right side is biased toward understanding the world, as a whole – the big picture, and towards living entities. Both sides clearly work together, but McGilchrist finds it telling that the brain is split into two halves that do communicate, rather than a single brain. Each half is capable of “running the show” without the other half, as experiments and case studies show, but the results confirm the different approaches taken by the two brains. McGilchrist’s book is much too important and too detailed to discuss only here. McGilchrist is a psychiatrist and literary scholar. His book includes references to Jung, unsurprisingly to me. He believes that our Western culture has allowed ourselves to become dominated by the left hemisphere in our thinking and our approach to life, which leads to the central point of my thesis…
- Eros Rises – I see the approach of the two brain hemispheres as largely mirroring the concept of Eros in the right hemisphere and Logos in the left hemisphere. I have written of these two central concepts before. I agree with McGilchrist that the natural dominating hemisphere is the right – that of Eros. Our current problems are largely due to the dominance of the left hemisphere and Logos. Scientific, materialist, rationalism has taken control of our institutions, most of our thinking, and the way we lead our lives. Logos is not wrong, but it’s limited view is meant to be the servant, not the master. Our egos have been taken over by Logos, and Eros has been pushed aside. Logos is more associated with the masculine energy and Eros with the feminine energy. Now where I part company with many people, is when I look at the reasons and consequences for this current imbalance. I see the rise and dominance of Logos as being an evolutionary feature of humanity – a feature of our deep evolution. Eros would likely have been largely dominant for most of the time of humanity, although this can never be one-sided and is speculative on my part. But I believe that Logos and our left brain had to become much more active as part of our evolution in service to our long-term interests and our deep evolution. The dominance of Logos has not been a mistake, but it has been a temporary development in our deep evolution – almost like the wild exuberance of adolescence that is a necessary feature of reaching maturity, in an unsustainable recklessness to assert authority over one’s self, as one leaves childhood dependence behind, until that wild individualism can be integrated with the demands of adulthood to become a strong, independent, and responsible human. Eros did not go away – it can never go away. It has remained active in our consciousness and even more active in our unconscious, through the collective unconscious, mythology, dreams, archetypes, symbols, and art – precisely as Jung set out. Eros could no more be defeated or subjugated than life itself, because Eros is the chaos out of which life begins, and is the ultimate source of creation.
The dominance of Logos that developed over the last few thousand years has been gradual, but accelerating, and now we are reaching the end-game of that dominance. That is why we are experiencing such disruption in our lives as individuals, in cultures and in humanity as a whole. Eros is not going to “defeat” Logos, or marginalize it. Logos is too valuable and too important to be diminished like that. And in evolution, nothing can be lost – it is only transformed. To think that Logos needs to be defeated or fixed in some way is itself Logos thinking. Eros knows better. Eros is stronger, through it’s natural importance and centrality to life. Eros will assert itself within us and in the social sphere as it is doing so now. People will fight that as they are now, as they always have done, but deep evolution, life and Eros will not be denied. The broad sweep and the river of deep evolution will continue and integrate Logos, which is much stronger now than it used to be, with an Eros that becomes stronger still and more conscious. The ego will be tamed and integrated. Logos will not be weakened and has nothing to fear, although the ego and Logos are and will be very afraid of their demise in the short run. The ego and Logos largely see the world in terms of victory or defeat. Eros knows better and will rise to become stronger and return to centrality in our lives, but we will reach a new age where there is greater balance between Eros and Logos than humanity has ever experienced before. This will be the next major stage of the evolution of human consciousness – the divine marriage of Eros and Logos, between the energies of femininity and masculinity.
My use of the terms Logos and Eros is very broad and inclusive. I am treating them as two very large poles that subsume a large number of processes, attitudes. styles, ways of being etc. I am using them simplistically in many ways. Everything does not simply neatly fit into one category or the other. But I think it is a very useful way to see the world and our challenges within it. When I read Jung, or one of his serious students, I am struck by the obvious fact that almost all the problems delineated are due to a relative excess of Logos and a shortage of Eros, that often manifests as the denial of Eros or its remaining unconscious and not being available to the consciousness of the person or the society, with all the attendant problems that Jung discussed and portrayed. I have seen in it my own life as I work to integrate my Self. Seeing how our personal lives and our society fit with this analysis, by way of Eros and Logos, will help us to see and realize the problems much more clearly and point more clearly to the solutions, that Jung spent decades writing and speaking of. But this analysis and way of seeing is a constant process of recognition, discovery and work, to integrate and to heal.
Carl Jung is our best guide for all of this great transition and transformation that we are now experiencing. The ideas of Jung will help us to understand and negotiate the great changes that we will all experience, within each one of us and in our societies. The forces of deep evolution are carrying us along in ways that I do not pretend to understand. I see the general path and its ultimate success and the culmination of that divine marriage as being absolutely inevitable, just as the rise of Logos was inevitable, although temporary. But I do not pretend to know the timeline – Jung spoke in a letter of a six hundred year period of great changes. He was not speaking of precisely what I am speaking of, but I think that fundamentally we are speaking of the same change in human consciousness.
I am not suggesting that the integration of Eros and Logos will be the only feature of this deep evolutionary jump and disruption. I suspect that there will be others and I have an idea of another great thinker who set out another deep evolutionary movement within humanity as well. I am convinced, however, that if we see this evolutionary disruptive period as being due to this reclaiming of Eros and those agents that support it – the collective unconscious, mythology, archetypes, symbols, art, dreams, etc – we will do much better in this turbulent period before us. I hope and believe that Jung and his thinking will become much more highly valued and adopted by more and more people.
I know of no other thinker who is a greater advocate and support for the deep evolutionary movement and processes, than Carl Gustav Jung. He brought together an enormous body of historical work and knowledge, as well as his own brave explorations, to produce the basis of a coherent understanding of the human pscyhe. It is absolutely remarkable how much he accomplished in his life, yet we are still early in our understanding and much work remains to be done. Jung stressed that each person must find their own path in life and in their psychological growth and development. The unique path of an individual, within the social context of a culture and a species, is the most robust and powerful source of evolution. Our individual differences help to seed new evolutionary possibilities in our fellow human beings, just as our left and right brains, and Eros and Logos, serve to ensure that the integrated whole is greater than the sum of the parts. Eros knows this to be true. Jung, who embraced the necessity of accepting the opposite poles in everything, knew this to be true. Logos will remain strong, but Eros rises, and reclaims her strength, which was never lost or in doubt.
The idea of the divided brain is briefly discussed here:
Remembering that the sun is associated with the masculine and Logos, and the moon with the feminine and Eros…
And all that is now
And all that is gone
And all that’s to come
And everything under
the sun is in tune
But the sun is eclipsed
by the moon
by Roger Waters